French Bulldogs are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States and Europe, for very good reasons.
The Frenchie has a wonderful temperament, makes a great companion dog, and wants nothing more than to spend time with you. She is typically very good around children and also other pets and doesn’t require much exercise.
Once upon a time, French Bulldogs were only available in dark colors but since the mid-1990s a vast range of colors has been developed. You can now choose French Bulldogs in many colors including fawn, red, cream, and white.
When Breed Standards were modified, to allow fawn French Bulldogs, this coat became extremely popular. The basic color of all French Bulldogs is now fawn (or a warm beige color).
Though Frenchies are available in many different colors, not all are officially approved. Unfortunately, some colors are more prone to health problems because of the breeding practices that produce them.
Along with photos, rather than a color chart, we describe all the colors that the French Bulldog is available in and detail known health problems associated with specific colors.
AKC French Bulldog Approved Colors
The American Kennel Club (AKC) approved French Bulldog colors are:
- Brindle & white
- Fawn & white
- Fawn, Brindle & white
- White & brindle
- White & Fawn
AKC undesirable French Bulldog colors are:
- Solid black
- Black & tan
- Black & white
- White & black
- Blue fawn
The UK Kennel Club Approved french Bulldog Colors
The UK Kennel Club approved French Bulldog colors are:
- Light Brindle
- Dark Brindle
- Brindle & White
- Fawn & White
- Fawn Pied
- Fawn With Black Mask
All other colors are deemed undesirable.
Brindle, Fawn, and Pied French Bulldog Colors Explained
It’s easy, of course, to visualize the simple colors of these dogs when we talk about Black, White, Cream etc. but the French Bulldog is available in a number of colors and you might not be familiar with some of the nomenclature.
Let’s take a look at a few of these names and describe what they mean.
Brindle – You’ll more likely see ‘Brindle’ French Bulldogs than any other color as it’s one of the most common. Brindle French Bulldogs have a dark-colored coat with lighter strands mixed in.
Fawn – This is usually a light, yellowish-tan color that can have several different shades. The coat is uniform and the head is typically a bit darker than the rest of the body.
Pied – A French Bulldog with a pied or piebald coat is mostly white with prominent patches usually in brindle or fawn.
The Blue French Bulldog may be undesirable
A French Bulldog with a blue coat is really dilute black. To the eye, this color looks grey or gray. Some French Bulldog coat colors are linked with genetic health conditions. Blue is often avoided even though the bad health links are disputed by many.
Health problems recorded in this color such as alopecia have also been found in dogs of other colors.
Because some colors are deemed ‘undesirable’ they are also rare. This means a French Bulldog in one of these colors is often more expensive than the ‘desirable’ color range.
French Bulldog Colors
Fawn is one of the accepted breed standard French Bulldog colors. A Fawn French Bulldog has a yellowish tan coat and the shade can vary from light fawn to red fawn.
Fawn is present in many other Frenchie coats.
A fawn French Bulldog typically has a black mask.
Black and White
As the name suggests, the black and white French Bulldog has black and white markings. This Frenchie coat can also be referred to as pied or piebald.
White is the predominant color and there are no white markings breaking up the black patches.
Beautiful as this pattern is, black and white French Bulldogs are not considered an official breed standard and are not eligible for shows.
A Red Fawn French Bulldog has a light tan-colored coat that can range from very pale to a dark reddish tan. A French Bulldog of this color often has a dark mask and ears with some brindled areas.
This is a French Bulldog with a predominant fawn-colored coat with dark brindle. The intensity can change but the nails, nose, eyelids, and lips should always be dark.
Brindle and White
Even with the Brindle and White Frenchie, the base color is still fawn – even though you may think that the coat seems mostly white. Black spots are deemed ‘undesirable’ although breeding with this type is still permitted.
The cream French Bulldog is similar to the white French Bulldog but with more of an eggshell color. Cream is dominant over the whole body with no other patches of color. You might also here this color referred to a platinum.
Fawn and White
You may be surprised to learn that even the ‘pure’ white French Bulldog is actually considered to be ‘pied’. What you’re actually seeing are white spots (on a fawn coat) that are simply more pronounced.
White and Brindle
White and Fawn
With the white and fawn French Bulldog, the white dominates the fawn and where you see the fawn color, it should be even.
Cream and White
Blue and Chocolate
The Blue French Bulldog is classed as ‘undesirable’. Well, you tell that to the hundreds of people who are still buying them.
Although this color has been linked to alopecia, the problem has also been seen in other colors.
There doesn’t seem to be any let-up in the quantity of blue Frenchies on the market and prices are still sky-high.
Why The AKC Doesn’t Accept All French Bulldog Colors
The AKC doesn’t accept certain French Bulldog colors because they are linked to health conditions. They are simply trying to keep the breed as healthy as possible. Being strict about French Bulldog colors is aimed at preventing genetic diseases.
The accepted colors are those that were the most common and healthiest when the breed standard was created.
Although early French Bulldogs carried the traits for non-standard colors, they were recessive under normal breeding standards. It wasn’t until breeders began to selectively breed for them that the rarer colors emerged.
Solid black and solid white French Bulldogs can suffer from congenital deafness. Liver or chocolate Frenchies can suffer from cataracts.
A good breeder will adhere to the standard colors so as not to jeopordise French Bulldog puppies’ health and cause unnecessary heartache to future owners.
The Rarest French Bulldog Color
The colors that are not the breed standard are the rarest French Bulldog colors.
Blue Merle is the rarest of the blue-coated Frenchies because as well as carrying two copies of the rare dilution gene they must also carry the merle gene which removes pigment from random patches of their blue coats.
A solid white French Bulldog is also a rare find as more often there is some brindling or a black mask on dogs with predominantly white coats.
The Most Expensive French Bulldog Color
French Bulldogs are one of the most expensive dogs to buy and own regaerdless of color. You can see more about this in my article dedicated to this subject.
A blue French Bulldog with blue eyes it is one of the most expensive you’ll find. And if it also has a merle coat it is likely to cost $5,000 plus.
Solid white Frenchies are relatively rare which tends to make these more expensive than one with a breed standard coat color.
The Most Popular French Bulldog Color
There are more brindled French Bulldogs born than any other colors, making this the most popular Frenchie you’ll see.
Brindle French Bulldogs are also amongst the cheapest to buy. This makes them extremely popular with purchasers but not so popular with breeders.
French Bulldog Colors: Conclusion
As with all dog breeds, the French Bulldog comes in standard and non-standard colors. Standard colors are more popular because responsible breeders tednd to stick to breeding these.
You will fiind the non-standard colors are rarer and more expensive and they come with an elevated risk of developing inhertited diseases.
If you truly love Frenchies, you should concentrate on sourcing a healthy dog from a trusted breeder above choosing one just for its coat color.