Do chickens have tongues? A peek behind the beak


Chicken spend much of their day beaks to the ground, foraging for bugs and worms. It’s not often we get the chance to look inside their mouths therefore it’s no wonder many people have no idea what’s behind a beak.

Let’s delve inside a chicken’s mouth and answer a common question, “Do chickens have tongues?”

Yes, chickens do have tongues and though tiny, they have an important role. Without tongues, chickens would not be able to eat very well. It may be small, but a chicken’s tongue is a vital part of its anatomy. A particulalry interesting part of a chicken’s tongue is the lingual nail. We explain why.

What a chicken’s tongue looks like

To actually view a chicken’s tongue, you need to get up close and personal. Be careful not to lose your eye! Don’t expect to see a chicken panting with its tongue lolling out of its mouth on a hot day.

Careful inspection will reveal that a chicken’s tongue is a little bit shorter than the cavity within its lower beak. It sits perfectly in that space and has a pointed tip.

It’s unlikely a chicken will allow you to touch its tongue to confirm this, but the texture of the surface has the appearance of very fine sandpaper as it is covered in tiny barbs, just like those on a cat’s tongue.

Tongue color varies from one breed of chicken to another but, as a rule, matches the rest of the inside of the bird’s mouth.

Do chickens have tongues@ Yes and on the tip is a lingual nail!

Why a chicken needs a tongue

For chickens, tongues have several functions. They allow them to taste things they eat, manipulate food, form sounds, and lap up water.

Taste buds

A chickens tongue, like ours, contains taste buds. They don’t have as many as us but they can still taste how edible something is.

A chicken’s sense of taste is quite different from ours. They can distinguish sweetness but not spiciness. This means a chicken can quite easily eat things like chili peppers without noticing their spicy heat and will love sweet bell peppers.

Eating and swallowing

Whilst a chicken’s beak is the perfect tool for pecking up food, it uses its tongue to push food to the back of its throat from where it is swallowed into their gizzard (first stomach). This is where those little barbs we mentioned earlier come in handy.

A chicken’s tongue is too short to extend from its beak, so you won’t see it lolling out of its mouth or licking food before it picks it up.

Drinking

A chicken does not use its tongue to lap up water like certain animals. It also don’t draw water up by sucking.

When it takes a drink, a chicken rapidly opens and closes its mouth to trap water and then tilts its beak skywards to allow the water to trickle into its throat and then stomach.

Did you know a chicken has a pair of holes in the roof of its mouth that links to its nasal passages, just like we do? The technical name for these is the choana and as a chicken intakes water they close to prevent water from escaping through its nose.

Do chickens have tongues? A chicken drinking

Talking

A chicken’s tongue helps it to form limited sounds but it is too small and inflexible to allow for a wide range of noises. You could never teach a chicken to talk like a parrot!

The lingual nail

The lingual nail can be found at the tip of a chicken’s tongue. It is a strong
and hard keratinization of the epithelium (tissue that lines the outer surface of the tongue.) This little structure is flexible enough that it can be used as a spoon for lifting grains.

In case you’re wondering, keratinization is the name of the process whereby epithelial cells become filled with keratin (structural proteins) to form structures such as skin, nails, and feathers.

Chicken tongue problems

Like cats, chickens are very good at hiding signs of illness. So, can you tell anything about their health by inspecting their tongues?

You may notice your chicken developing a black tongue if it is deficient in Niacin (vitamin B3). Ensuring your chickens receive enough of this vitamin should correct this.

Do chickens have tongues? Yes little pointed ones!

Do Chickens have tongues? The answer

Just like many other creatures, chickens have tongues. They are small yet invaluable when it comes to helping chickens eat. There’s a little spoon-like structure at the tip known as the lingual nail which helps them scoop up foods such as grains.

Don’t worry, a chicken will never lick you to death like a dog – it’s tongue is not long enough. I’d be more concerned about a peck from that sharp little beak.

Coming soon!

Look out for our chicken coop review in the very near future.

In the meantime, I’d like to bring the Eglu Cube, large chicken coop to your attention.

  • It is extremely large and just perfect for backyard chickens.
  • It is predator resistant and can safely house up to 10 chickens.
  • Everything about it is easy to clean.

The Eglu Cube is conveniently available on omlet.com. You can see more information and the current price by clicking here.

One satisfied customer wrote: “We are delighted with the Eglu Cube. It’s easy to clean and move around and our chickens are very happy. The chicken house is very well constructed and a great investment. It also looks great in our backyard! ”

Further information

dummies.com: The digestive system of a chicken

poulvet.com: Vitamins in Poultry

Jane

I'm Jane Pettitt, co-owner of Pets Knowledge Base with my husband, Matt. I have a grand total of 50 years’ experience as a pet owner. It all started with a guinea pig called Percy when I was 5 years old and since then I’ve lived with two more guinea pigs, a hamster, mice, a rabbit, a tortoise, a dog, and 11 cats. I’ve learned so much about pet care during this time and many of my articles are based on my personal experiences plus those of my family and friends.

Recent Content